About Me

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Olongapo City/ Subic/ Quezon City/Alabang, Central Luzon/ NCR, Philippines
I am a BA/ MA History graduate from the University of the Philippines, Diliman. Presently enrolled at San Beda Alabang-School of Law. I was a full-time faculty from Miriam College High school and currently a professor of History at San Beda Alabang. Advocate for the environment and co-convener of Share The Road Movement in Metro Manila. I am an optimist, I believe in the goodness of every person and of every thing. Very passionate, sensitive but strong willed. Love the color pink in all shades. Love to write, to paint, to take pictures, to laugh and most of all I love to love! Cest' La Vie!

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

The Second Semester of Academic Year 2012-2013 is a remarkable year for San Beda Alabang School of Law because our dear college responded to the call for environmental awareness and consciousness in the legal profession and academic field by offering the course Natural Resources and Environmental Law for sophomore students.

This course is being handled by two of our highly esteemed faculty members:
Ambassador Amado Tolentino known to be the Father of Environmental Law of the Philippines; and
Atty. Antonio Oposa Jr. known for his doctrine of  inter-generational responsibility for children and future generation.

The student body responded to this call with much  passion and zeal, more than just substantial compliance to the course requirements because the pioneering classes paved the way for the creation of the newest organization here at SBCA-SOL, The Environmental Law Society.

Allow me to share with you our so called Green Report Card for the past academic year:
1. San Beda "Organic Vegetable Garden."
2. Interview with Former Senator Nene Pimentel regarding the Role of Local Government Units in the implementation of laws related to the protection and conservation of our environment.
3. National Youth Commission Visitation
4. Clean Air Philippines Visitation
5. Bantayan, Cebu Noise Pollution Case
6. Environmental Action Forum: Be Informed, Be Ignited, Be Involved.
7. Organization Launching
8. Oath-taking of Officers
9. Tie-up with LEON San Beda College of Law, Manila

In the coming days, months, or even years, we hope to organize more environmental related activities in our college so that our student body will not only be just Red Lions but Green Lions as well who are advocates for protection of the air, water, animals, plants and other natural resources from pollution or its effects.

Thank you all and God bless.

CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH: EXAMPLES OF CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION


"Modern environmentalism is driven by a yearning to protect what we haven't ruined already, to conserve what we haven't used up, to restore as much as possible what we haven't destroyed and to drive ways of recognizing our lives so that civilization as we know it can be sustained through our children's life time and beyond  Green Metropolis” -David Owen

What used to be only a figment of the imagination or perhaps a nightmare to the generations of ages ago is now shaking the present generation wide-awake to reality. One hour it is sunny and next thing you will know the rain is pouring, the streets are flooded, and you could not remember whether you brought the umbrella because it is hot outside or it is your contingency plan in case it rains.

Climate Change is now slowly becoming a household term, what used to be the main concern of the environmentalists is now a layman’s term. As much as we would like to turn back the hands of time to erase what has already been done, what we can do for now is to cope and slow down its side effect. Below are some of the adaptation measures being implemented from around the world in order to keep up with climate change.

Adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change is vital in order to reduce the impacts of climate change that are happening now and increase resilience to future impacts. [1]Adaptation to global warming is a response to climate change that seeks to reduce the vulnerability of biological systems to climate change effects."[2] Even if emissions are alleviated relatively soon, climate change and its effects will last many years, and adaptation will be necessary.[3] Climate change adaptation is especially important in developing countries since those countries are predicted to bear the burden of the effects of climate change.[4]
1.      The use of artificial snow-making in the European Alps.[5] There is a risk that the unfavourable snow conditions will lead to a decrease in the demand for ski tourism in the European Alps. Many have predicted that for popular resorts to continue running there will be a reliance on artificial snow makers to provide sufficient snow cover for the tourists. However there are significant disadvantages to the extensive use of snow making technology as described by Koenig and Abegg (1997:55): (1) The already existing problem of the lack of water supply for artificial snow-making; (2) Rising temperatures due to global warming will also endanger the snow production; The ecological impacts of artificial snow-making in the alpine area have to be taken in consideration (for example the impacts on the flora and fauna)."[6]

2.      Adaptation Through Local Planning- Local land use and municipal planning represent important avenues for adaptation to global warming. These forms of planning are recognized as central to avoiding the impacts of climate related hazards such as floods and heat stress, planning for demographic and consumption transition, and plans for ecosystem conservation.[7] At the local scale, municipalities are at the coal face of adaptation where impacts are experienced in the forms of inundation, bushfires, heatwaves and rising sea levels.[8] Some examples of these adaptations through local planning are as follows:
a.       Changing to water permeable pavements to absorb higher rainfalls and adding air conditioning in public schools, New York and other cities are involved in similar planning.[9] [10] [11]
b.      Carefully planned water storage could help urban areas adapt to increasingly severe storms by increasing rainwater storage (domestic water butts, unpaved gardens etc.) and increasing the capacity of stormwater systems (and also separating stormwater from blackwater, so that overflows in peak periods do not contaminate rivers).
c.       Changing to heat tolerant tree varieties. [12]

3.      According to English Nature, gardeners can help mitigate the effects of climate change by providing habitats for the most threatened species, and/or saving water by changing gardens to use plants which require less.[13]

4.      Using small planting basins to 'harvest' water in Zimbabwe.[14] It is noted that, in response to increased demand for food and power supplies, many developing country governments with fast-growing economies have recently invested in large dams. The benefits of these projects in terms of storing water for crop irrigation were clear, it said, "but so are the adverse social and environmental impacts." As examples of the value of small-scale storage options, the study cited field studies that have proven the effectiveness of using small planting basins to "harvest" water. In Zimbabwe, such basins have been shown to boost maize yields, whether rainfall is abundant or scarce. In Niger, they have led to three- or four-fold increases in millet yields.[15]

5.      Russian and American scientists have in the past tried to control the weather, for example by seeding clouds with chemicals to try to produce rain when and where it is needed.[16]
6.      Solar radiation management, such as space sunshade, creating stratospheric sulfur aerosols and painting roofing and paving materials white.[17]
7.      Hydrological geoengineering - typically seeking to preserve sea ice or adjust thermohaline circulation by using methods such as diverting rivers to keep warm water away from sea ice, or tethering icebergs to prevent them drifting into warmer waters and melting.[18]
8.      Using the principle of ‘road sharing in particular,” the roads must be transformed to follow the simple principle that “those who have less in wheels must have more in roads” to favor non-motorized transportation system such as cycling and walking and man-powered mini-trains.[19]
9.      Carpooling- Carpooling, using transit, walking, bicycling, or telecommuting–just one day a week for a year–can save typical commuters about 1,200 miles on their vehicles and reduce their CO2 emissions by over half a ton per year.[20]
10.  Telecommute – Work at home sometimes. You'll save time and money, and reduce traffic congestion and CO2 emissions. Americans spend more than 200 hours commuting each year – equal to 5 weeks of vacation! (The average daily round-trip commute takes about 50 minutes.)[21]




[1] http://unfccc.int/adaptation/items/4159.php                                                                                                                     
[2] UNFCCC Glossary of Climate Change Acronyms". Accessed October 24, 2010
[3] Farber, Daniel A. Adapting to Climate Change: Who Should Pay"], 23 FLA. ST. U. J. LAND USE & ENVTL. L. 1, 8 (2007)
[4] Cole, Daniel A. "Climate Change, Adaptation, and Development", 26 UCLA J. ENVTL. L. & POL’Y 1, 3 (2008)
[5] “Climate Change Imapct on Tourism” from https://sites.google.com/site/climatechangeimpactsontourism/home/case-study---european-alps, accessed Juloy 13, 2013. The Alps is one of the great mountain ranges located between oceanic and continental Europe, running from Austria and Slovenia through Italy and Switzerland until it reaches Germany and France in the west.  For many alpine areas of the Alps, winter tourism is the predominant form of income, as the Alps is one of the world's most popular destination for skiing holidays.  For example, in Austria tourism is one of the largest forms of industry, often accounting for a large percentage of their GDP annually (Viner and Agnew 1999: 18).  Other than tourism the Alps are a crucial source of water supply for a significant proportion of Europe.  According to a report in 2009 by the European Environment Agency :  'The Alps are responsible for responsible for a disproportionately high contribution to the total discharge of the four major rivers — mainly Danube, Rhine, Po and Rhone — flowing from the region, from 26 % (Danube) to 53 % (Po). Most of the major European rivers have their headwaters in the Alps and their discharge is transported via river systems to lower-lying areas. The Alps are crucial for water accumulation and water supply and therefore they are often referred to as natural 'water towers'. (2009:17) 

[6] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/ in “Climate Change Imapct on Tourism” from https://sites.google.com/site/climatechangeimpactsontourism/home/case-study---european-alps, accessed Juloy 13, 2013.
[7] Local landuse and municipal planning represent important avenues for adaptation to global warming. These forms of planning are recognised as central to avoiding the impacts of climate related hazards such as floods and heat stress, planning for demographic and consumption transition, and plans for ecosystem conservation
[8] Preston, B.L., Brooke, C., Measham, T.G., Smith, T.F., Gorddard, R. (2009) Igniting change in local government: Lessons learned from a bushfire vulnerability assessment. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 14 (3) pp. 251-283 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11027-008-9163-4
[9] Koch, Wendy (2011-08-15). "Cities combat climate change". USA Today.
[10] Revkin, Andrew C. (2011-05-23). "Cities Embrace the Adaptation Imperative". The New York Times.
[11] http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=all-climate-is-local
[12] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adaptation_to_global_warming
[13] Jowit, Juliette (2006-06-11). "Gardeners can slow climate change". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-04-23.
[14] Barker, T. (2007). 11.2.2 Ocean fertilization and other geo-engineering options. In (book chapter): Mitigation from a cross-sectoral perspective. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (B. Metz et al. (eds.)). Print version: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, N.Y., U.S.A.. This version: IPCC website. ISBN 978-0-521-88011-4. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
[15] “Diverse Waters Sources Seen as Key to Food Security” Reporting by Kate Kelland; Editing by Kevin Liffey, http://www.reuters.com/article/2010/09/07/us-climate-water-idUSTRE68500820100907, accessed July 13, 2013.
[16] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adaptation_to_global_warming
[17] Ibid.
[18] Ibid.
[19] The Road Sharing Movement Concept Paper.
[20]http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/climate_change/adaptation/resources_and_publications/ten_steps/index.cfm
[21] Ibid.